HIV( Human immunodeficiency viruses) are two types of lentivirus that cause HIV infection and over time (AIDS), acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a situation in humans in which failure of the immune system lets life-threatening opportunist infections and cancers to succeed. The immune system is an essential part of the body that fight against infection and disease. Suppose HIV not treated correctly; the virus can cause lead to death. HIV positive partners can cause infection to their partner. Moreover, an HIV mother can give birth to an infected child. Therefore it is crucial to treat it at an early stage.
From the new year, onwards HIV patients in California will receive HIV prevention Drugs without any prescription. On Monday, Gov. Gavin Newsom signed a bill authorizing the pharmacists to supply pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to the patients who have a high risk of contracting HIV and distribute post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to the individual who has been exposing to the virus. As per the report, California State Legislature voted to pass the extent—Senate Bill 159—in both of its chambers last month. However, several physician groups opposed the legislation, as it the safety concern over long term consumption of drugs with doctors’ prescriptions. Furthermore, The California Medical Association eventually removed its opposition after a modification that will limit the PreP orders to 60 days. After that time limit, the patient will be compulsory to consult the doctor to continue consumption.
After signing SB 159, Gov. Gavin Newsom added that recent breakthroughs in the prevention and treatment of HIV could save many lives. All the Canadian deserves access to PrEP and PEP two treatment that has transformed the fight against HIV and AIDS. This bill will allow all the individual to purchase the drugs without obtaining prior authorization from their insurance companies. Under this law, all the pharmacists will be required to provide instruction on how to take the drugs, as well also provide information on the possible side effects.